Connections Through Time, Issue 14:
January - March 2002

Precognition and theoretical physics usually have very little in common, except that precognition and physics both begin with a "p". There are, however, some relatively new and very intriguing theoretical models that do include precognition. In this section we look at one, called Link Theory, that has the potential to provide quantitative information concerning connections with the future. In the following Intuition section, we discuss two heuristic models that provide additional insights.

Here is an example of how Link Theory views a simple "psi-guessing" experiment in a holistic-system fashion. (Note that Link Theory works with the various possibilities and probabilities within systems; this fits with most psi experiments since only after many guesses or trials can results be evaluated for non-random effects.)

The Theory Program paper of Thomas Etter and Richard Shoup at the Boundary Institute summarizes their approach to precognition and psi:

... we have been holding onto the absolute difference
between *past *and *future*,
thus rendering any theory of precognition inconceivable. A genuine scientific
theory which encompasses psi phenomena must begin by shedding these and other
obsolete habits of thought which we all share. What is needed is not radically
new physics, but a fresh approach to the physical laws already on the books.

At the Boundary Institute we have made a small but significant start on this task. We now have in hand a new approach and the supporting mathematics necessary for a precise probabilistic account of bidirectional causality outside of time. We have shown how this mathematics (dubbed "Link Theory") encompasses the core of quantum mechanics. A PC-based interactive Link Theory tool has been built that enables us to quickly and easily design and analyze a wide variety of experimental situations.

We are now able to formulate sensible theories about how psi might work, and to put these theories to the test with new experiments on the drawing board.

This last sentence is key to the basic approach of science. Science is all about testable theories that provide new information.

Link Theory involves the
complexities of dynamic Markov theory and the raw simplicity of the basic logic
of AND, OR, and NOT. See, for example, Link
Theory – from Computation to Quantum Physics, or, *How to build a Universe
using only things found lying around the math department*. The theory is very
powerful, as indicated by its ability to reproduce
quantum mechanics in the following limit: "When contraints on
past and future are equally balanced *at all times,* dynamical Markov
theory reduces to quantum mechanics."

Link Theory develops laws that permit precognition because it allows cause-and-effect to be connected mathematically so as to appear to go "backward in time". In Theories of Psi, Etter discusses how fundamental probability theory and logic are used to create:

... a law
that applies to random rather than mechanical processes, where least action now turns into
*least improbability*. The resulting
mathematical formalism does in fact transform common-sense causality into a new and more general explanatory principle – for one
thing, it allows cause-and-effect to go backward in time. The math here was discovered
in the 1960’s by Helmut Schmidt, and independently a bit earlier by myself. It
was this math that suggested Schmidt’s experiments in backwards PK, whereas I eventually
turned it into the Link Theory interpretation of quantum mechanics.

Causality is also discussed in
LINK THEORY & PSI
*Clairvoyance, Precognition, and PK without Rewriting Physics?*

**The concept of causality should be generalized in directionality, and
replaced in our thinking and in our vocabulary by less-restrictive concepts such as "influence", "dependence",
and "correlation". Despite our everyday experiences with objects and events, physics theory already
teaches us that causality is bi- or omni-directional and in principle timeless.
Our common-sense notion of causality has been developed (evolved?) through years
of experience in the macroscopic world. But, just as with Relativity, our common
sense has limited applicability, and in fact may have similarly misled us.
**

According to Shoup in his paper, Link
Theory and Psi - Clairvoyance, Precognition, and PK without Rewriting Physics?, "The most important ingredient of this new approach is *timeless,
relational *thinking."

Here is the grand objective for Link Theory from Outline of a New Science, v3:

The science I envision and am working on is one
that presents us with a more
*radically grounded* understanding of the unity of the physical world and the life
world, and at the same time with a more * radically unified* mathematics as a part of the
"connective tissue" of this new understanding.

References

The Link Theory papers are available here

The RetroPsychoKinesis Project - a site with info on PK that occurs "precognitively".

Discussions of the scientific experimental data on psi,
including precognition, can be found at:

- Individual
Intentions __Can__ Affect RNGs

- Precognition
- Information from the Future: Replication Studies by the PEAR Group at
Princeton University

- Capabilities of Consciousness

Go to another section of this
issue:

Intuition: Two Heuristic Models of
Precognition Applications:
Prediction of a High-Speed Object Entering the Earth's Atmosphere